Author: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue
The most important transport challenges take place when urban transport systems, for a variety of reasons, cannot satisfy the requirements of urban mobility.
Cities are locations having a high level of accumulation and concentration of economic activities. They are complex spatial structures supported by complex infrastructure, including transport systems. The larger a city, the greater its complexity and the potential for disruptions, particularly when this complexity is not effectively managed. Urban productivity is highly dependent on the efficiency of its transport system to move labor, consumers, and freight between multiple origins and destinations. Additionally, transport terminals such as ports, airports, and railyards are located within urban areas, contributing to a specific array of challenges. Some are ancient, like congestion (which plagued cities such as Rome), while others are new like urban freight distribution or environmental impacts.
a. Traffic congestion and parking difficulties
Congestion is one