Charging

Vehicle Charging | Department of Energy

To get the most out of your plug-in electric vehicle (also known as an electric car or EV), you must charge it on a regular basis.  Charging frequently maximizes the range of all-electric vehicles and the electric-only miles of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Drivers can charge at home, at work, or in public places.  While most drivers do more than 80% of their charging at home and it is often the least expensive option, workplace and public charging can complement residential charging. 

Types of Chargers

Charging your EV requires plugging into a charger connected to the electric grid, also called electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). There are three major categories of chargers, based on the maximum amount of power the charger provides to the battery from the grid:

  • Level 1: Provides charging through a 120 V AC plug and does not require installation of additional charging equipment.  Can deliver
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