Seven facts about ‘Seven’: David Fincher’s crime masterpiece

No one who has ever seen David Fincher’s 1995 thriller Seven — or Se7en, for those who are pernickety when it comes to movie title style — will have been able to forget it. The bleak, miserable tale of two detectives tracking a killer who is inspired by the Seven Deadly Sins, it’s an opus of sadness against a backdrop of permanent drizzle.

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Morgan Freeman portrays seasoned cop Detective Lieutenant William Somerset, who is on the brink of retirement, while Brad Pitt is the rather unpredictable young detective David Mills. Every horrific murder frustrates them further, right up until the point that the killer is revealed and cinema’s most famous cardboard box makes its fateful appearance.

It has now been a quarter of a century since Pitt got the answer to his meme-worthy question, so it seems like a good time

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automotive industry | History, Developments, & Facts

Although steam-powered road vehicles were produced earlier, the origins of the automotive industry are rooted in the development of the gasoline engine in the 1860s and ’70s, principally in France and Germany. By the beginning of the 20th century, German and French manufacturers had been joined by British, Italian, and American makers.

Developments before World War I

Most early automobile companies were small shops, hundreds of which each produced a few handmade cars, and nearly all of which abandoned the business soon after going into it. The handful that survived into the era of large-scale production had certain characteristics in common. First, they fell into one of three well-defined categories: they were makers of bicycles, such as Opel in Germany and Morris in Great Britain; builders of horse-drawn vehicles, such as Durant and Studebaker in the United States; or, most frequently, machinery manufacturers. The kinds of machinery included stationary gas

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bicycle | Definition, History, Types, & Facts

Bicycle predecessors

Historians disagree about the invention of the bicycle, and many dates are challenged. It is most likely that no individual qualifies as the inventor and that the bicycle evolved through the efforts of many. Although Leonardo da Vinci was credited with having sketched a bicycle in 1492 in his Codex Atlanticus, the drawing was discovered to be a forgery added in the 1960s. Another presumed bicycle ancestor, the vélocifère, or célérifère, of the 1790s was a fast horse-drawn coach that is not considered to be a predecessor of the bicycle.


Draisiennes, hobby-horses, and other velocipedes

The first two-wheeled rider-propelled machine for which there is indisputable evidence was the draisienne, invented by Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun of Germany. In 1817 he rode it for 14 km (9 miles), and the following year he exhibited it in Paris. Although von Drais called his device

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