Ghana has been experiencing steady economic development, but GDP growth has not been supported with enough infrastructure to boost welfare sustainably in the long term. One of the sectors requiring urgent improvement is transport.
The road network comprises over 78,000 kilometers, but only 49% of it is maintained or rehabilitated. Up to 60% of the 1300-kilometer rail network is not used regularly due to lack of maintenance. This absence of necessary infrastructure limits commerce and exports, and slows down Ghana’s economic growth prospects and even tourism, given that many of the major attractions are located in rural areas and difficult to reach due to the poor overall state of the roads.
Accra’s rapid demographic growth also creates transportation issues through an increased number of vehicles and congestion. As the city spreads, people experience longer commutes, which creates time costs and has an adverse impact on the environment. But with so